a century of migrant labour in the gold mines of south africa

the history of the gold mining industry in south africa

Free Essay: Gold mining in South Africa has a large impact on the environment, The mining industry in South Africa is one of the largest in the world SOUTH AFRICA HISTORY In the history of South Africa, the earliest known settlers of the ... A century of migrant labour in the gold mines of South Africa.

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Mining and Risk of Tuberculosis in Sub-Saharan Africa

We found consistent evidence that differences in the population's exposure to mining sector production, numbers of mines, and type of mining can significantly explain cross-national variations in TB incidence, prevalence, and mortality rates as well as of HIV–TB coinfection rates in sub-Saharan Africa.

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Diamonds and Migrant Labour in South Africa, 1910 ...

Migrant labour has ensured a supply of cheap wage labour to the mining sector and secondary industry, and is a system which has been condemned throughout the world. Migrant labour is not a system unique to South Africa. Migrant labourers from countries in southern Europe contract to work in France, Germany, Sweden and Britain on a large scale.

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Migration in Southern Africa

Migration in Southern Africa ... regional labour market during the twentieth century. However, entrenched patterns of ... Male labour migration to the mines (South Africa, Zambia, Zimbabwe) and commercial farms and plantations (South Africa, Zimbabwe, Swaziland) is the …

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Mines, Migration and HIV/AIDS in Southern Africa

For more than a century, 90 percent of those employed in the mining sector in the Republic of South Africa were black and about 60 percent were migrant workers from Lesotho and Swaziland (Lucas, 1985; Harington, McGlashan and Chelkowska, 2004).

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South African mining: Stuck in the past | Financial Times

Kgalema Motlanthe, South Africa’s deputy president and head of a government mining task force, told companies last year that the migrant labour system was a “scar on the face of democratic ...

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the logic of gold mines south africa

A century of migrant labour in the gold mines of South Africa took place all over southern Africa4, with stringent health checks before miners were accepted In addition to the online South Africa's Illegal Gold Mines YouTube

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South Africa in the 19th Century - On-line Web Courses

Unlike most of the rest of Africa, South Africa was very sparsely populated at the time when the first Europeans arrived. ... the South African gold mines were controlled by 124 companies organized into nine "groups" based on their sources of financing. ... the dominant European figure in southern Africa in the late 19th century. He originally ...

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A century of miner’s phthisis on the South African goldmines

A CENTURY OF MINERS’ PHTHISIS ON THE SOUTH AFRICAN GOLD MINES. ANY END IN SIGHT? Rodney Ehrlich. 1. 1. Occupational and Environmental Health Research Unit, School of Public Health and Family Medicine, University of Cape Town, South Africa. Address of the institution: School of Public Health and Family Medicine

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Migrant Labour in South Africa's Mining Economy: The ...

Migrant Labour in South Africa's Mining Economy: The Struggle for the Gold Mines' Labour Supply, 1920 ... Migrant Labour in South Africa's Mining Economy. ... For almost a century gold mining has dominated the South African economy. Even today, after many years of rapid economic growth and diversification, the gold mines remain the ...

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Silicosis: The curse of Lesotho's miners | Mozambique | Al ...

South Africa's gold industry was founded on the migrant labour system, a system that heavily linked to the apartheid era. Black men from poverty-stricken areas across the south of the continent ...

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the major areas where gold mining in south africa

The decreasing importance of gold mining in South Africa So with the waning importance of gold to South Africa, One estimate suggests that the country will soon need to look beyond the precious metal as a major resource ... 2009 08 26· southern Africa3 Recruitment for gold mining A century of migrant labour in the gold mines of South Africa ...

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Southern Africa - Southern Africa, 1899–1945 | Britannica.com

It is difficult to determine the precise impact of migrant labour in Southern Africa in the 20th century. In south-central Africa, for example, the major agricultural communities probably did not send migrants, and the majority of migrants usually came from areas already decimated by slaving and raiding.

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Cornish Miners and the Witwatersrand Gold Mines in South ...

Cornish Miners and the Witwatersrand Gold Mines in South Africa, c. 1904 Published in Cornish History Introduction The economy and society of southern Africa was greatly altered by two developments in the last third of the nineteenth century.

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South African mining deep in crisis as ANC considers ...

Since the 19th century mining has been the heartbeat of South Africa. Although it accounts for just 6% of economic output, it contributes 60% of export revenues and is the country's biggest ...

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Roots of Apartheid: South Africa’s Mining Industry

racial mixing would weaken their control of the migrant labour economy. Within 10 years of the gold discovery, Johannesburg, previously a smaller centre, had become South Africa’s largest city. 3 4 South Africa, until the mid th century a predominately agricultural …

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The Social and Environmental Consequences of Coal Mining ...

Coal mining in South Africa It was mining that gave South Africa its current shape through processes from the 1880s to 1910. Gold mining took centre stage early, both because of its importance for the British and thus global monetary system and the profits to be made. Cheap black labour, achieved via the migrant labour system (in which ...

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Matt Starr on Instagram: “Gumboot dancing was born in the ...

mattstarrmattstarr Gumboot dancing was born in the gold mines of South Africa at the height of the migrant labour system and during the Apartheid. The workers were forbidden to speak, and as a result created a means of communication, essentially their own unique form of Morse Code.

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History of South Africa - Key Figures in South Africa’s ...

In short, many of the discriminatory features so typical of twentieth-century South Africa--pass laws, urban ghettos, impoverished rural homelands, African migrant labor--were first established in the course of South Africa's industrial revolution. The South African War [The Second Boer War 1902].

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Occupational respiratory diseases in the South African ...

 · The gold-mining sector. Until the 1990s, there were very few studies on the extent of silicosis in South African gold miners (Table 2) (5–15).The only long-term cohort study, conducted on white miners, provides a clear illustration of the progression of silicosis long after retirement.

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Migrant Labor - South Africa: Overcoming Apartheid

Since the mineral revolution of the late 19th century, "migrant labor" in South Africa referred not only to workers coming into South Africa from neighboring countries, but also to a system of controlling African workers within South Africa.

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History | South African Government

The discovery of the Witwatersrand goldfields in 1886 was a turning point in South Africa’s history. The demand for franchise rights for English-speaking immigrants working on the new goldfields was the pretext Britain used to go to war with the Transvaal and Orange Free State in 1899.

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4.2 Migrations shaping African history

In the late 19th century, following discoveries of gold and diamonds in South Africa, a mine labour system based on temporary migration of young men was …

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7 THE GOLD OF MIGRANT LABOUR - South African History …

THE GOLD OF MIGRANT LABOUR RUTH FIRST Editor of 'Fighting Talk* and Johannesburg Editor of 'New Age* One of the 91 still standing trial Jor High Treason. THE days when each country in Africa was an island are over, and few know this better than South Africa's vast and wealthy gold mining industry.

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Compound (migrant labour) - Wikipedia

A migrant worker compound is a key institution in a system such as that which regulated labour on mines in South Africa from the later nineteenth century. The tightly controlled closed compound which came to typify the phenomenon in that country originated on the diamond mines of Kimberley from about 1885 and was later replicated on the gold mines.

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Migrant Labour and Social Construction of Citizenship in ...

South Africa have had a long standing in the building of South Africa as a nation. Peripheral countries to South Africa such as Lesotho, Mozambique, Swaziland, Botswana and Malawi served as labour reserves for the mining industry.

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South Africa’s "gold slaves" - Equal Times

Some 14,000 people – mostly undocumented migrant workers from neighbouring countries such as Zimbabwe, Malawi and Mozambique – work in around 6,000 abandoned mines in South Africa, most of which are located around Johannesburg.

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Chinese Indentured Mine Labour and ... - Wiley Online Library

This is especially true for the 20th century mining industry where unskilled migrant labourers were often subjected to harsh working and living conditions. In this study, the skeletal remains of 36 Chinese indentured mine labourers, who worked and died on the Witwatersrand mines, South Africa, during the period ad 1904–1910, were assessed for ...

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Networks in the New Democracy: Internal Migration and ...

discovery of diamonds and gold in South Africa in the late 19 th century was the catalyst driving the development of a racialized migrant labor system in the mines—the forerunner of the “labor control” system of the 20 th century.

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The migrant labour system | South African History Online

Migrant labourers across Southern Africa, from the Transkei (modern day Mthatha) and Rhodesia (modern day Zimbabwe), undertook lengthy jouneys from the kraal to gold and diamond mines seeking employemnt. Migrant labourers were accomodated in hostels on the outskirts of townships.

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PrevalenceofOccupationalLungDiseaseina ...

Background Gold mineworkers in South Africa are exposed to high levels of silica dust as a ... for over a century, oscillating migrant labor has been a central feature of employment for black gold mineworkers. ... retrenchments in the gold mining sector [Crush, 1995] and the consequent return of workers to rural communities, with ...

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Diamonds and Migrant Labour in South Africa, 1910

The 'pass laws' and migrant labour of apartheid in South Africa today have their origins in the policies designed to control the black workers in the diamond mines a century ago. Racial discrimination in South Africa is based on the migrant labour system.

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Migrant labour in South Africa's mining economy : the ...

Add tags for "Migrant labour in South Africa's mining economy : the struggle for the gold mines' labour supply, 1920". Be the first.

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Migrant labour | Britannica.com

Migrant labour, casual and unskilled workers who move about systematically from one region to another offering their services on a temporary, usually seasonal, basis. Migrant labour in various forms is found in South Africa, the Middle East, western Europe, North America, and India. Southern Africa ...

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URBANIZATION IN SOUTH AFRICA AND THE CHANGING …

URBANIZATION IN SOUTH AFRICA AND THE CHANGING CHARACTER OF MIGRANT LABOUR1 by Kevin R. Cox Department of Geography ... particularly the gold mines and white agriculture that were pressing in the same direction. ... current conditions for migrant labor in South Africa: what it is that presupposes it. ...

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South Africa: Overcoming Apartheid

By the end of the 19th century, all the indigenous peoples of South Africa had lost their political and economic independence. Racist laws enabled the white-owned mining companies to control workers, keep wages very low, and gain immense profits from the diamonds and gold …

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South Africa: Policy in the Face of Xenophobia ...

Cross-border labor migration between South Africa and its neighbors dates back to the mid th century, when the South African diamond and gold mining industries were founded and the country began its trek toward a modern industrial economy.

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5. The mining industry, migrant labour and hostels - The O ...

This led to the establishment of a whole process of migrant labour from all over the sub-continents. By 1889, 100 000 black mineworkers were needed on the mines and, at the time, 60% of the labour came from outside South Africa, mainly from Mozambique.

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History of Migrant Labor in South Africa (1800–2014 ...

The History of Migrant Labor in South Africa (1800–2014) Summary and Keywords A pervasive system of migrant labor played a fundamental part in shaping the past and present of South Africa’s economy and society and has left indelible marks on the wider region.

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Economic history of South Africa - Wikipedia

During the age of African colonization, due to its large amount of gold and diamond mines, South Africa attracted the majority (55,8%) of overseas investments to the whole African continent. Migrant labour

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